Data Set Citation:
When using this data, please cite the data package:
NCEAS 2058: Costanza: Value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital: Toward a dynamic, integrated approach , National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis , and Costanza R.
Value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital datasets
nceas.183.13 (https://knb.ecoinformatics.org:443/knb/metacat/nceas.183.13/nceas)
General Information:
Title:Value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital datasets
Identifier:nceas.183
Abstract:
The services of ecological systems and the natural capital stocks that produce them are critical to the functioning of the Earth's life-support system. They contribute to human welfare, both directly and indirectly, and therefore represent part of the total economic value of the planet. We have estimated the current economic value of 17 ecosystem services for 16 biomes, based on published studies and a few original calculations. For the entire biosphere, the value (most of which is outside the market) is estimated to be in the range of US$16-54 trillion per year, with an average of US$33 trillion per year. Because of the nature of the uncertainties, this must be considered a minimum estimate. Global gross national product total is around US$18 trillion per year. Because ecosystem services are not fully 'captured' in commercial markets or adequately quantified in terms comparable with economic services and manufactured capital, they are often given too little weight in policy decisions. This neglect may ultimately compromise the sustainability of humans in the biosphere. The economies of the Earth would grind to a halt without the services of ecological life- support systems, so in one sense their total value to the economy is infinite. However, it can be instructive to estimate the 'incremental' or 'marginal' value of ecosystem services (the estimated rate of change of value compared with changes in ecosystem services from their current levels). There have been many studies in the past few decades aimed at estimating the value of a wide variety of ecosystem services. We have gathered together this large (but scattered) amount of information and present it here in a form useful for ecologists, economists, policy makers and the general public. From this synthesis, we have estimated values for ecosystem services per unit area by biome, and then multiplied by the total area of each biome and summed over all services and biomes.
Keywords:none:
  • natural capital (theme)
none:
  • ecosystem services (theme)
Data Table, Image, and Other Data Details:
Metadata download: Ecological Metadata Language (EML) File
Data Table:Table 2 ( View Metadata | Download File download)
Data Table:Notes to Table 2 ( View Metadata | Download File download)

Involved Parties

Data Set Creators:
Organization:NCEAS 2058: Costanza: Value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital: Toward a dynamic, integrated approach
Organization:National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis
Individual: Robert Costanza
Address:
Gund Institute of Ecological Economics University of Vermont 590 Main Street,
Burlington, Vermont 05405 USA
Phone:
(802) 656-2974 (voice)
Phone:
(802) 656-2995 (Fax)
Email Address:
robert.costanza@uvm.edu
Data Set Contacts:
Individual: Robert Costanza
Address:
Gund Institute of Ecological Economics University of Vermont 590 Main Street,
Burlington, Vermont 05405 USA
Phone:
(802) 656-2974 (voice)
Phone:
(802) 656-2995 (Fax)
Email Address:
robert.costanza@uvm.edu
Associated Parties:
Individual: Stephen Farber
Metadata Providers:
Individual: Andrea Chadden

Data Set Characteristics

Geographic Region:
Geographic Description:Various locations worldwide.
Bounding Coordinates:
West:  -180  degrees
East:  180  degrees
North:  90  degrees
South:  -90  degrees
Time Period:
Begin:
1968-01-01
End:
1994-01-01

Sampling, Processing and Quality Control Methods

Data Set Usage Rights

obtain permission from originator(s)
Access Control:
Auth System:knb
Order:denyFirst
Metadata download: Ecological Metadata Language (EML) File