Data Set Citation:
When using this data, please cite the data package:
.
200 Year Adriatic Sea Jellyfish Data, 1790-2009
klr.37.5 (https://knb.ecoinformatics.org:443/knb/metacat/klr.37.5/nceas)
General Information:
Title:200 Year Adriatic Sea Jellyfish Data, 1790-2009
Identifier:klr.37
Keywords:
  • Jellyfish
  • Mediterranean
  • Aurelia aurita
  • Chrysaora hysoscella
  • Cotylorhiza tuberculata
  • Pelagia noctiluca
  • Rhizostoma pulmo
  • Categorical abundance
Data Table, Image, and Other Data Details:
Metadata download: Ecological Metadata Language (EML) File
Data Table:JEDI Template.txt ( View Metadata )

Involved Parties

Data Set Creators:
Individual:Dr. Alenka Malej
Organization:National Institute of Biology, Slovenia
Position:Science Councillor, Head of program group II
Phone:
+386 (0)5 9232903 (voice)
Email Address:
Alenka.Malej@mbss.org
Data Set Contacts:
Individual:Dr. Alenka Malej
Organization:National Institute of Biology, Slovenia
Position:Science Councillor, Head of program group II
Phone:
+386 (0)5 9232903 (voice)
Email Address:
Alenka.Malej@mbss.org
Associated Parties:
Individual: Kelly Robinson
Organization:Dauphin Island Sea Lab
Position:PhD candidate
Address:
101 Bienville Drive,
Dauphin Island, Alabama 36528
Email Address:
krobinson@disl.com
Individual:Dr. William "Monty" Graham
Organization:Dauphin Island Sea Lab
Position:Senior Marine Scientist II, Associate
Address:
101 Bienville Drive,
Dauphin Island, Alabama 36528 U.S.A
Email Address:
mgraham@disl.com
Individual:Dr. Robert Condon
Organization:Dauphin Island Sea Lab
Position:Research faculty
Address:
101 Bienville Drive,
Dauphin Island, Alabama 36528 U.S.A
Email Address:
rcondon@disl.com
Individual:Dr. Carlos Duarte
Organization:European Research Council
Position:Research Professor Spanish Research Council
Email Address:
carlosduarte@imedea.uib-csic.es

Data Set Characteristics

Geographic Region:
Geographic Description:Northern Adratic Sea
Bounding Coordinates:
West:  3.625  degrees
East:  28.5  degrees
North:  51.375  degrees
South:  38.625  degrees
Time Period:
Begin:
1790
End:
2009
Taxonomic Range:
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Scyphozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Rhizostomaeae
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Rhizostomatidae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Rhizostoma
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:pulmo
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Scyphozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Rhizostomeae
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Cepheidae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Cotylorhiza
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:tuberculata
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Scyphozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Semaeostomeae
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Pelagiidae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Chrysaora
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:hysoscella
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Scyphozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Semaeostomeae
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Pelagiidae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Pelagia
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:noctiluca
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Scyphozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Semaeostomeae
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Ulmaridae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Aurelia
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:aurita

Sampling, Processing and Quality Control Methods

Step by Step Procedures
Step 1:  
Description:

Variety of sampling methods

Citations used to compile 200 year dataset:

Avian, M. & L. Rottini Sandrini, 1994. History of Scyphomedusae in the Adriatic Sea. Bolletino della Societa Adriatica di Scienze 75: 5–12.

Lhotsky (1830) cited in Avian & Rottini Sandrini (1994)

Siebold (1839) cited in Avian & Rottini Sandrini (1994)

Will (1944) cited in Avian & Rottini Sandrini (1994)

Graeffe, E., 1875. Seethierfauna des Golfes von Triest. III.

Coelenteraten, Cnidaria. Arbeiten aus dem Zoologischen Institut der Universita¨t Wien und der Zoologischen Station in Triest 5: 333–362.

Claus (1876) cited in Avian & Rottini Sandrini (1994)

Claus (1883) cited in Avian & Rottini Sandrini (1994)

Haeckel (1880) cited in Avian & Rottini Sandrini (1994)

Carus (1885) cited in Avian & Rottini Sandrini (1994)

Babic´, K., 1913. Planktonicˇki celenterati iz Jadranskog mora. Rad Jugoslavenske Akademije Znanosti i Umjetnosti 200:186–202.

Cori, D. J. & A. Steuer, 1901. Beobachtungen u¨ber das Plankton des Triester Golfes in den Jahren 1899 und 1900. Zoologischer Anzeiger 24: 111–116

Steuer, A., 1902. Beobachtungen u¨ber das Plankton des Triester Golfes im Jahre 1901. Zoologischer Anzeiger 25: 371–372.

Steuer, A., 1904. Beobachtungen u¨ber das Plankton des Triester Golfes im Jahre 1902. Zoologischer Anzeiger 27: 145–148.

Stiasny, G., 1909. Beobachtungen u¨ber die marine Fauna des Triester Golfes im Jahre 1908. Zoologischer Anzeiger 34: 289–294.

Stiasny, G., 1910. Beobachtungen u¨ber die marine Fauna des Triester Golfes im Jahre 1909. Zoologischer Anzeiger 35: 583–587.

Stiasny, G., 1911. Beobachtungen u¨ber die marine Fauna des Triester Golfes wa¨hrend des Jahres 1910. Zoologischer Anzeiger 37: 517–522.

Babic´, K., 1913. Planktonicˇki celenterati iz Jadranskog mora. Rad Jugoslavenske Akademije Znanosti i Umjetnosti 200: 186–202.

Stiasny, G., 1912. Beobachtungen u¨ber die marine Fauna des Triester Golfes im Jahre 1911. Zoologischer Anzeiger 39: 604–608.

Stiasny, G., 1914. Zwei neue Pelagien aus der Adria. Zoologischer Anzeiger 44: 529–533.

Stiasny, G., 1919. Die Scyphomedusen-Sammlung des Naturhistoricshen Reichmuseum in Leiden. Stauromedusae, Coronatae, Semaeostomae. Zoologische Mededelingen 5: 66–99.

Szu¨ts, A., 1915. Biologische Beobachtungen wahrend der ersten und zweiten terminfahrt des Ungarischen Adriavereins an S.M.S. ‘‘Najade’’ im Oktober 1913 und im April–Mai 1914. Zoologischer Anzeiger 45: 432–442.

Issel, R., 1922. Nuove indagini sul plankton nelle acque di Rovigno. Rapporti Comitato Talassografico Italiano, Memoria 102: 1–36.

Neppi (1922) cited in Avian & Rottini Sandrini (1994)

Kolosvary 1943

Vio (unpubl.) cited in Avian & Rottini Sandrini (1994)

Malej, A., 1982. Unusual occurrence of Pelagia noctiluca in the

Adriatic. Acta Adriatica 23(1/2): 97–102 (in Slovenian).

Malej, A., 1989. Shifts in size-classes and structure of net zooplankton in the presence of the jellyfish Pelagia noctiluca (Scyphozoa). Biolosˇki Vestnik 37: 35–46.

Malej (2001), unpubl. data

Malej, A., 2001. Are irregular plankton phenomena getting more frequent in the northern Adriatic Sea? In Gelatinous Zooplankton Outbreaks: Theory and Practice. CIESM Workshop Series 14, Monaco: 16–18.

Del Negro, P., F. Kokelj, A. Tubaro & R. Della Loggia, 1992. Chrysaora hysoscella in the Gulf of Trieste: presence,evolution and cutaneous toxicity in man. Science of the Total Environment (Suppl): 427–430.

Milosˇ, Cˇ ., 2009. Biometry and elemental analysis of scyphomedusae in the Gulf of Trieste with emphasis on Rhizostoma pulmo. M.Sc. thesis, University of Zagreb: 81 pp.

Instrument(s): Collection methods:
Instrument(s): "The reconstructed time series for the historical
Instrument(s): occurrences of five scyphomedusae species in the
Instrument(s): northern Adriatic was assembled from published data
Instrument(s): sources, reports and theses, and supplemented by our
Instrument(s): own observations (Table 1). Scientific observations
Instrument(s): are available for about 200 years from marine
Instrument(s): observatories in the northern Adriatic. The data are
Instrument(s): predominantly qualitative or semi-quantitative, but
Instrument(s): quantitative data on jellyfish abundance are rare. We
Instrument(s): considered every observation reported for each
Instrument(s): species, and included them in the time series.
Instrument(s): In order to avoid the problems associated with
Instrument(s): descriptive data and to apply robust analyses to this
Instrument(s): time series, the years of jellyfish occurrence and absence
Instrument(s): were marked as one and zero, respectively. For
Instrument(s): P. noctiluca, an additional, more detailed analysis was
Instrument(s): performed from1976 onwards, because monthly observations
Instrument(s): were recorded (the jellyfish database of the
Instrument(s): Marine Biology Station, Piran, Slovenia). Scyphomedusae
Instrument(s): were monitored by visual observations from the
Instrument(s): shore and with an underwater camera deployed from
Instrument(s): boats. Additional information came fromfishermen and
Instrument(s): similar reliable sources (co-workers, biologists and
Instrument(s): photographs sent by reporters).
Instrument(s): Estimation of P. noctiluca abundance during the
Instrument(s): last two bloom periods in the northern Adriatic
Instrument(s): (1977–1986 and 2004–2007) was attempted, although
Instrument(s): the sampling methods were not strictly comparable.
Instrument(s): Estimates were based on plankton net tows from the
Instrument(s): bottom to surface using an FAO net with 500-lm
Instrument(s): mesh (Piccinetti & Piccinetti Manfrin, 1991), a WP2
Instrument(s): net with 200-lm mesh (Malej, 1989), and a fish trawl
Instrument(s): with 20-mm stretched net (Milosˇ, 2009)" ( Kogovsˇek 2010).
Instrument(s): Kogovsˇek T., B Bogunovic´ & A Malej, 2010. Recurrence of bloom-forming scyphomedusae: wavelet analysis of a 200-year time series. Hydrobiologia 645: 81-96.
Instrument(s): Northern Adriatic Coordinates:
Instrument(s): A longitude/ latitude off the coast of the Marine Biology Station,National Institute of Biology in Slovenia was chosen to represent the Northern Adriatic Sea for JEDI purposes (44.92438 N, 13.15622 E).
Sampling Area And Frequency:
Notes on longitude/ latitude values for JEDI:
Sampling Description:
Not all coordinates were provided by the author. When a latitude/longitude was missing, a point in the Northern Adriatic was chosen near the study site (45.0261 N, 13.07172 E). If a coordinate was taken, but not visible on the map provided a longitude/latitude was estimated (45.57N 13.55E).

Data Set Usage Rights

Usage is open to the public
Access Control:
Auth System:knb
Order:denyFirst
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Metadata download: Ecological Metadata Language (EML) File