Data Set Citation:
When using this data, please cite the data package:
Sötje et al. I , Berstad et al. V , Båmstedt et al. U , Youngbluth et al. M , Jarms et al. G , Fossa et al. J , Sø​rnes et al. T , and Hosia A.
Norwegian Fjord Jellyfish Literature, 1993-2003
klr.22.7 (https://knb.ecoinformatics.org:443/knb/metacat/klr.22.7/nceas)
General Information:
Title:Norwegian Fjord Jellyfish Literature, 1993-2003
Identifier:klr.22
Keywords:
  • Jellyfish
  • Norwegian fjords, ROV, plankton net, MOCNESS, boat count, trawl,Scyphomedusa,Hydromedusam, Salp
Data Table, Image, and Other Data Details:
Metadata download: Ecological Metadata Language (EML) File
Data Table:JEDI Template.txt ( View Metadata )

Involved Parties

Data Set Creators:
Individual:Dr. I Sötje et al.
Organization:Sötje, I. et al. 2007. Mar. Biol. 150:329-343
Individual:Dr. V Berstad et al.
Organization:Berstad, V. et al.1995. Ecology of Fjords and Coastal Waters, pp 257-271
Individual:Dr U. Båmstedt et al.
Organization:Båmstedt, U.et al.2003. J.Plankton Res. 25(11): 1307-1318
Position:Båmstedt, U. et al. 1998. Sarsia. 83: 79-85
Individual:Dr M.J Youngbluth et al.
Organization:Youngbluth, M.J. et al. 2001. Hydrobiologia. 451:321-333
Individual:Dr. G Jarms et al.
Organization:Jarms, G. et al. 1999. Sarsia. 64:53-65
Individual:Dr. J.H Fossa et al.
Organization:Fossa, J.H. 1992. Sarsia. 77:237-251
Individual:Dr. T.A Sø​rnes et al.
Organization:Sø​rnes, T.A. et al. 2007. J. Plankton Res. 29(2):157-167
Individual:Dr. A. Hosia
Organization:Hosia, A. et al.2007. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 351:113-127
Data Set Contacts:
Individual: Kelly Robinson
Organization:Dauphin Island Sea Lab
Position:PhD Candidate
Individual:Dr. Cathy Lucas
Organization:National Oceanograpy Centre Southhampton, University of Southhampton Waterfront Campus
Address:
National Oceanography Centre, University of Southhampton Waterfront Campus,
Southampton, SO14 3ZH United Kingdom
Phone:
+44 (0)23 8059 6617 (voice)
Email Address:
cathy.lucas@noc.soton.ac.uk
Associated Parties:
Individual:Dr. William 'Monty' Graham
Organization:Dauphin Island Sea Lab
Position:Senior Marine Scientist
Address:
101 Bienville Blvd.,
Dauphin Island, Alabama 36528 USA
Phone:
251-861-2141 ext. 2272 (voice)
Email Address:
mgraham@disl.org
Individual:Dr. Carlos Duarte
Organization:Instituto Mediterráneo de Estudios Avanzados
Position:Profesor de investigación
Address:
C/ Miquel Marquès, 21,
07190 Esporles,
Islas Baleares, Spain
Phone:
+34 971611725 (voice)
Email Address:
carlosduarte@imedea.uib-csic
Individual:Dr. Robert Condon
Organization:Dauphin Island Sea Lab
Position:Faculty Research Scientist
Address:
101 Bienville Blvd.,
Dauphin Island, AL 36528 USA
Phone:
(251) 861-2141 x 7546 (voice)
Email Address:
rcondon@disl.org
Individual: Kelly Robinson
Organization:Dauphin Island Sea Lab
Position:PhD Candidate
Individual:Dr. Cathy Lucas
Organization:National Oceanograpy Centre Southhampton, University of Southhampton Waterfront Campus
Address:
National Oceanography Centre, University of Southhampton Waterfront Campus,
Southampton, SO14 3ZH United Kingdom
Phone:
+44 (0)23 8059 6617 (voice)
Email Address:
cathy.lucas@noc.soton.ac.uk

Data Set Characteristics

Geographic Region:
Geographic Description:Norwegian Fjords: Bjornafjord, Fanafjord, Grimseidpollen, Halsafjorden, Korsfjord, Lofoten, Lurefjorden, Osterfjorden, Shetland, Søgne, Sognefjorden, Vagsbopollen
Bounding Coordinates:
West:  2.0  degrees
East:  27.625  degrees
North:  73.875  degrees
South:  59.5  degrees
Time Period:
Begin:
1991
End:
2005
Taxonomic Range:
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Chordata
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Thaliacea
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Doliolida
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Doliolidina
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Doliolum
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:nationalis
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Hydrozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Anthoathecata
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Bougainvillidae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Bougainvillia
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:muscoides
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Hydrozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Anthoathecata
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Corymorphidae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Corymorpha
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:nutans
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Hydrozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Anthoathecata
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Corymorphidae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Euphysa
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:aurata
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Hydrozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Anthoathecata
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Corynidae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Dipurena
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:gemmifera
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Hydrozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Anthoathecata
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Hydractiniidae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Hydractinia
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:areolata
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Hydrozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Anthoathecata
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Margelopsidae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Margelopsis
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:hartlaubi
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Hydrozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Anthoathecata
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Rathkeidae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Lizzia
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:blondina
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Hydrozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Anthoathecata
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Rathkeidae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Rathkea
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:octopunctata
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Hydrozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Leptothecata
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Campanulariidae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Clytia
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:hemisphaerica
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Hydrozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Leptothecata
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Campanulariidae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Obelia
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Hydrozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Leptothecata
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Mitrocomidae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Foersteria
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:quadrata
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Hydrozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Siphonophora
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Apolemidae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Apolemia
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:uvaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Hydrozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Siphonophora
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Diphyidae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Dimophyes
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:arctica
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Hydrozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Siphonophora
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Diphyidae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Muggiaea
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:atlantica
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Hydrozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Siphonophorae
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Diphyidae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Lensia
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:conoidea
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Hydrozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Trachymedusae
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Halicreatidae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Homoeonema
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:platygonon
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Hydrozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Trachymedusae
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Rhopalonematidae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Aglantha
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:digitale
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Scyphozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Coronate
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Periphyllidae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Periphylla
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:periphylla
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Scyphozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Semaeostomeae
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Cyaneidae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Cyanea
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:capillata
Classification:
Rank Name:Phylum
Rank Value:Cnidaria
Classification:
Rank Name:Class
Rank Value:Scyphozoa
Classification:
Rank Name:Order
Rank Value:Semaeostomeae
Classification:
Rank Name:Family
Rank Value:Ulmaridae
Classification:
Rank Name:Genus
Rank Value:Aurelia
Classification:
Rank Name:Species
Rank Value:aurita

Sampling, Processing and Quality Control Methods

Step by Step Procedures
Step 1:  
Description:

Anecdotal Evidence

Båmstedt, U., J.H. Fosså, M.B. Martinussen, and A. Fosshagen. 1998.Mass occurrence of the physonect siphonophore Apolemia uvaria (Lesueur) in Norwegian waters.Sarsia. 83: 79-8

Step 2:  
Description:

Plankton Net

Hosia, A.,and U.Båmstedt.2007. Seasonal changes in the gelatinous zooplankton community

and hydromedusa abundances in Korsfjord and Fanafjord, western Norway. Mar. Eco. Prog.

Ser.351:113-127

Instrument(s): "Zooplankton net sampling was performed during 2003. Three stations in Korsfjord and one in Fanafjord were sampled 1 to 2 times mo–1, in total 20 times over the year, using a WP3 net with 300 µm mesh size and a nonfiltering cod-end. The net was hauled verticallyfrom approximately 20 m above the bottom to the surfaceat ca. 0.3 m s–1. A CTD instrument (SAIV A/S,SD204) recording temperature and salinity was attached to the net. The collected material was immediatelyconcentrated by using a 300 µm meshed siev and preserved with borate-buffered 4% formalin in seawater" (Hosia & Båmstedt 2007).
Step 3:  
Description:

Various Sampling Methods

Bamstedt,U., S.Kaartvedt,and M.Young.2003.An Evaluation of acoustic and video methods to estimate the abundance and vertical distribution of jellyfish.J.Plankton Res.25(11): 1307-1327

Instrument(s): BLSMT, Harstad trawl, Total backscattering, ROV Scanning Sonar, ROV video profiling, MOCNESS, WP3 plankton net, 2m conical net
Step 4:  
Description:

Boat Count

Berstad V., U. Båmstedt,and M.B.Martinussen.1995.Distribution and swimming of the

jellyfishes Aurelia aurita and Cyanea capillata. In Skjoldal, H. R., Hopkins, C., Eirikstad, K. E. and Leinaas, H. P. (eds), Ecology of Fjords and Coastal Waters. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 257–271.

Instrument(s): Boat Count: The Abundance and distribition patterns were studied by counting a visible medusae occurring within a defined frame mounted on a boat that ran at a constant, slow speed along a given transect. From mid-June to mid-August four near shore transects of 150-550m in length were exercised biweekly, using a 0.5m wide frame. From early July to mid-November five additional transects of up to 2700m in length were fun monthly using a frame of 3.85m in width" (Berstad et al 1995).
Step 5:  
Description:

Various Sampling Methods

Fossa, J.H. 1992. Mass occurence of Periphylla periphylla (Schyphozoa, Coronate) in a Norwegian fjord. Sarsia. 77: 237-251

Instrument(s): Instrumentation: Harstad midwater trawl, Juday net, and a R/B- Alkor.
Step 6:  
Description:

Trawl/ Plankton Net

Jarms,G., U.Båmstedt, H.Tiemann,M.B. Martinussen, and J.H. Fosså.1999. The hologelagic

life cycle of the deep-sea medusa Periphylla periphylla (Scyphozoa,Coronatae). Sarsia.

64:53-65

Instrument(s): "Developing medusae were collected in Lurefjorden with nertical tows from 10-20m above the bottom and up to the surface using both WP2 and WP3 nets. Grown up medusae were collected by a Beyers Low-Speed Midwater Trawl, 2.29m² opening area, 4.5mm mesh size" (Jarms et al. 1999).
Step 7:  
Description:

ROV/ Plankton Net

Sørnes,T.A., D.Aksnes, U. Båmstedt, M.J. Youngbluth. 2007.Causes for mass occurrences of

the jellyfish Periphylla periplylla: a hypothesis that involves optically conditioned

retention. J. Plankton. Res. 29(2):157-167

Instrument(s): Location: "In Lurefjorden and Halsafjorden, five predeterminedstations along the fjords’ entire longitudinal
Instrument(s): axes were selected for intensive sampling. The station depths ranged from 135 to 435 and 240 to 530 m, respectively. The considerable length of Sognefjorden (178 km) prevented a similar sampling strategy. For logistic reasons, sampling was confined to two to three stations along each of two neighboring transect lines [05.18 to 05.308E and 05.30 to 05.488E in the outer deep basin (1120–1260 m)]. Each station was sampled 1–6 (Lurefjorden), 1–5 (Halsafjorden) and 1–2 (Sognefjorden) times per cruise" (Sørnes et al. 2007).
Instrument(s): ROV: "The vertical distributions of P. periphylla were determined using the Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) Aglantha. Vertical excursions were performed from surface to bottom, both at day and at night. The depth of occurrence of each medusa observed in the field of view of a Sony Hi-8 video camera, set at minimum focal length, was noted. Four 500 W halogen lights and four 150 W high intensity discharge gas-arc lights illuminated the field of view. The descent rate of the vehicle was, 0.5 m s21 and constant for any given dive" (Sørnes et al. 2007).
Instrument(s): Plankton Net: "A large plankton net (2 m in mouth diameter, 12.5m long and 1–3 mm graded mesh size) was hauled vertically through the water column, at a rate of 6 m min21, to gently collect P. periphylla" (Sørnes et al. 2007).
Step 8:  
Description:

Plankton Net

Sötje, I.,H. Tiemann, U. Båmstedt.2007. Trophic ecology and the related functional

morphology of the deepwater medusa Periphylla periphylla (Scyphozoa, Coronata) Mar. Biol.

150:329-343

Instrument(s): "The abundance, biomass,and size distribution of the total population weregiven from vertical tows with a modiWed Isaak-Kidd net
Instrument(s): (MIK net) with 2 m opening diameter, 500μm mesh size, and ca. 12 m length" (Sötje et al. 2007).
Step 9:  
Description:

ROV/Plankton Net

Youngbluth, M.J.,U.Båmstedt.2001.Distribution, abundance, behavior and metabolism of

Periphylla periphylla, a mesopelagic coronate medusa in a Norwegian fjord.Hydrobiologia.451:321-333

Instrument(s): Plankton net : "Two kinds of net gear were towed vertically to collect medusae. A 2 m diameter net (3 mm mesh) was hauled in a continuously
Instrument(s): open position throughout the entire water column; a closing WP-3 net (1 m diameter, 500 µm mesh) was pulled through 100 m intervals from 400 m depth" (Youngbluth 2001).
Instrument(s): ROV: "Estimates of abundance were quantified by counting the number of individuals encountered in the field of view of a Sony Hi8 video
Instrument(s): camera, set at minimum focal length. Initial measurements defined the angle of view and maximum distance of visibility for a small (= 2 cm) coronal diameter (CD) and a large (= 10 cm CD) medusa. Two 500 W halogen lights and two HID gas arc lights(comparable effect = 1000 W each) illuminated the field of view. A scale was mounted 0.9 m from the lens, the view of this scale in water indicated the angle of view (α) was 36.5 degrees"(Youngbluth 2001).

Data Set Usage Rights

Usage restricted to Global Jellies Working Group members.
Access Control:
Auth System:knb
Order:denyFirst
Additional Metadata
Additional Metadata
Additional Metadata
Additional Metadata
Additional Metadata
Metadata download: Ecological Metadata Language (EML) File